Sri Lanka is an island country in the Indian Ocean. It is located on the southern coast of the Indian subcontinent in Asia. It was known as Ceylon until 1972. With a great climate and beautiful nature, Sri Lanka is a great place for travelers. Also you can find amazing sandy beaches, green areas and waterfalls in Sri Lanka.The history of this island dates back from 125,000 to 500,00o years ago. In each period and era many different events have happened and the culture has evolved.
This country is small but has the highest biodiversity density in Asia. 27% of 3,210 flowering plants and 22% of the mammals that live in Sri Lanka are endemic. Because of the wide range of native species, Sri Lanka has declared 24 wildlife reserves.There are more than 50 waterfalls in Sri Lanka, but here is a list of 6 that are the most known and beautiful.
Ravana Falls is one of the 6 most known waterfalls in Sri Lanka. It is currently ranked as one of the widest falls in the country. It’s height is 25 m (82 ft). It is named by the legendary king Ravana which is connected to the famous Indian epic, the Ramayana.
Diyaluma is another of the waterfalls in Sri Lanka. It height is 220 m which is the second highest waterfall in this country. It is located 6 km away from Koslanda in Badulla District. The name in Sinhalese language means “rapid flow of water”.
This waterfall is situated 5 km from Badulla town. This is one of the most beautiful waterfalls in Sri Lanka. Its height is 64 m (210 ft) and gets its name from the smoky dew drops spray (Dun in sinhala means mist or smoke).
Devon which is name of an pioneer English coffee planter is credited for naming this waterfall. Thats because his fields was near the waterfall. Devon Falls is 97 m high and are located on 1,140 m above the sea level.
St. Clair’s Falls
One of the widest waterfalls in Sri Lanka, St. Clair’s Falls are called the “Little Niagara of Sri Lanka”. Just 3 km west of the Talawakele town the falls is 80 m high.
Bambarakanda Falls is the highest of the waterfalls in Sri Lanka. With height of 263 m (863 ft), it is ranked as the 299th highest waterfall in the world.
Splashed by the brightness of pink-purple Rhododendron and lush green ferns, Baker’s is a popular waterfall in Sri Lanka. Named after the famous British explorer, Sir Samuel Baker, it is among the widest waterfalls in the country that forms many streams as it comes down.
Expect some crowd as Rawana is a popular fall in the country. One of the widest falls in Sri Lanka, it looks absolutely spectacular in the rains. The water level however decreases substantially during the off season. It is named after Ravana who also appears in the Indian epic Ramayana.
Among many picturesque Sri Lankan waterfalls, Bopath is a unique one. It derives its name for its resemblance to the sacred Bo Leaf. The most striking feature is its shape, taken as it flows through two narrow rocks and then widens into a breath-taking cascade.
There is no way you can miss Dunhinda while talking about most beautiful waterfalls in Sri Lanka. Formed by a diversion of Badulu Oya River, it is best known for a smokey surrounding spray.
St Clair’s Falls
Called the Little Niagara of Sri Lanka, St Clair’s is formed by Maha and Kuda falls. It gets its name from neighboring tea estate, and is undoubtedly among most awe-inspiring waterfalls in Sri Lanka.
19th among the highest waterfalls in Sri Lanka, Devon stands out for its lovely tiered formation. Named after an English (yes, again!) coffee planter, Devon is also popular as the ‘Veil of the Valley’.
On an altitude of 945 meters above sea level, this scenic waterfall makes for a memorable experience. It is the 11th highest waterfall in the tea country.
Kirindi Oya Falls are a sight to behold. Just 5 km away from A4 highway, it’s one of the less famous waterfalls in Sri Lanka. The cascading stream forms a pool at the base, but the descent can be tiring.
2nd highest among waterfalls of Sri Lanka and 6th highest in the world, Diyaluma Ella is an absolutely majestic view. It acquires a horsetail shape after falling and leaping over a cliff.
Surrounded by a dense pine forest, the highest waterfall in Sri Lanka is one of the most serene locations in the area. This horsetail fall is formed by one of Walawe river’s tributaries.
Waterfalls in Sri Lanka
The country is home to more than 100 waterfalls and rivers which at the end of the day stops at the Indian Ocean. Waterfalls are mostly located in the Hill Country. Some of the waterfalls are man-made but still doesn't stop short of being breath-takingly beautiful. Unknown waterfalls are still present, those that weren't officially discovered. Most of the waterfalls are very difficult to find because of the dense forests and are sometimes totally inaccessible. Only a handfull of waterfalls are used to bathe in, whereas the others are too dangerous to do so.
The tallest waterfall yet in Sri Lanka which boasts a height of 789 feet. Located in a dense forest around Bandarawela which is very difficult to get through but still is a well worth journey. Still if you are unable to make the special trip to this giant waterfall you can catch a glimse of it on the way to Haputale.
This majestic waterfall is 559 ft high and is located around the Koslanda-wellawaya road, where the Poonagala Oya is situated. Because of it appearance and location most people believe that it is the tallest water fall.
Located in a village known to many as Devipahala, close to Rathnapura. This is one of the dangerous waterfalls to swim in, since there have been many deaths of people to have tried to do so. The name is derived from the fact that the waterfall is shaped like a Bo tree.
Also famously known as Sri Lanka's 'veil of the vale '. This cascading waterfall contitutes of 3 falls and is approximatley 318 ft high. Named after a coffee planter named Devon. It is easily spotted along the Talawakele – Navalapitiya Road. It is a glorious waterfall. Despite its gigantic appearance the waterfall is itself very graceful and serene that it can relax any mind from turmoil. However, this beauty is endangered by the Kotmale Power Plant.
Named after the epic of Ramayana. The cave behind the waterfall is one of the places that Ravana hid Princess Sita after abducting her from India. Although it is comparatively shorter than most waterfalls, it has a wide flow of water and is quite beautiful to look at.
Situated 2 km off the main road that leads to Taldena. One of the easily accessible waterfalls and also the famous because of its misty-like spray of water that falls down along the stones. One of the most breath-taking waterfalls in which visitors can have a dip in.
Another waterfall located at Hoton Plains and is also one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the country. It is a cascading water fall with not one but several falls. However, it is a very dangerous waterfall to bath in. It is about 20 metres high and is named after a well known explorer in the name of Sir Samuel Baker. The fall originates from a tank called Belihul Oya. The scenary surrounding it will definitely take your breath-away.
It is a man made waterfall located very close to Kandy. It is about 60 m in height and starts from an artificial man-made lake.
St Claire Waterfall
Known as one of the widest waterfalls in Sri Lanka, located in Talawakele. It is a cascading waterfall with two falls with its name derived from a nearby tea estate. The water is said to be about 80 m in height making it the 20th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka. St. Claire waterfall is so beautiful that most people call it the little Niagara. Most people find it easy to visit this waterfall on the way to Nuwara Eliya.
The 11th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka, like every other waterfall it is located in the hill country. It is ideal for a family vacation, surrounding it are a lot of holiday resorts that cater to your every need. It is located in Pussellawa. This waterfall is about 109m high and the waterfall has two main drops which tend to confuse people when they see it and most of the time the upper waterfall is not visited because most of the people are not aware of the fact that there are two drops in the fall.