Temples

Girihadu Seya: Oldest Buddhist Temple

The oldest Buddhist temple in all of Sri Lanka and one of the oldest in the world is Girihadu Seya, which translates as “the stupa on top of the rocks.” This stupa was built 2,500 years ago, back in the 5th century BCE when Lord Buddha was still alive, and the story behind it is a fascinating one.

Hindus in Sri Lanka believe that the Island once had 5 prominent temples dedicated to Lord Shiva.

The Pancha Ishwarams

  • Naguleswaram in the North
  • Ketheeswaram in the North West
  • Koneswaram in the East
  • Muneswaram in the West and
  • Tondeswaram in the South.

Northern Province Temples

Jaffna

  • Achchelu - Easan Temple, Poyiddy, Achchelu
  • Achchuveli - Idaikkadu - Periya Thambiran Koyil
  • Alaveddy South - Sivan & Vairavar kovil, Jaffna.
  • Alaveddy - Thantrontreeswarar Amman Temple, Alaveddy West
  • Alaveddy Thiruvadineelal Kovil
  • Alaveddy Pasupatheeswarar Kovil
  • Alaveddy Datchinamoorthi Kovil
  • Allolai - Siva temple, Jaffna.
  • Analaithivu, 7th Ward - Sri Nageswaran Temple, Puliyanthivu, Analaithivu, 7th Ward
  • Analaithivu, 6th Ward - Sri Shankaranathar Murugamoorthy Temple
  • Araly Centre - Sri Wisalachchi Samatha Wisvanathar Kovil, Vali-West, Araly Centre.
  • Arali North - Nagendra Madam Sivan Temple
  • Arali South - Sivan Temple
  • Ariyalai Neernochiyanthazhvu Sivan Kovil
  • Aavarangal - Koyvalai Nadarajah Ramalingha Swamy Temple
  • Chankanai Center - Sithamparam Ambalavanr Kovil, Vali-West, Chankanai Center.
  • Chanknai South - Odakarai Sivan Kovil, Vali-West, Chanknai South.
  • Chavakachchery - Chandrasegara varyvananathar Sivan Kovil, Thenmaradchi, Chavakachchery.
  • Columbuthurai - Sivan Kovil, Jaffna Town, Columbuthurai.
  • Columbuthurai West- Sivan Temple
  • Chulipuram West - Koddadiperan Sivan Kovil, Vali-West, Chulipuram West.
  • Chulipuram East - Paralai Eeswara Vinayagar Temple
  • Chunnaham - Sri Kathiramalai Sivan Kovil, Jaffna.
  • Chunnakam - Annamaheswarar Temple, Mylaney Noth, Chunnakam
  • Chunnakam - Sivan Temple, Alady, Uduvil, Chunnakam
  • Chunnakam - Sri Vishvanatha Swamy Temple, Sivan Kovil, Myalaney, Chunnakam
  • Chunnakam - Mylani - Visvanatha Sivan Kovil
  • Great Manipay - Navaly - Kasikandam Sivan kovil, Jaffna.
  • Ealalai - Ambalavaneswarar Temple, Pungadi, Ponnavodai, Ealalai West, Ealalai
  • Idaikkadu Kasi Vishvanathar Koyil
  • Imayanan - Imayanan North Sivan Gnana Vairavar Temple
  • Inuvil Sivan temple, Jaffna.
  • Inuvil - Kondavil - Karaikkal - Sri Visvareswaraswamy Temple, K.K.S.Road, Inuvil East, Inuvil
  • Irupalai Vaitheesvara swamy Koyil
  • Kantharodai - Vattakkaipathy - Visaladchi ambika sametha vishvanathaswamy Temple
  • Karaikkal - Ambalavanar temple, Jaffna.
  • Karainagar Temple (Eelathu chithambaram) (Karaitivu), Jaffna.
  • Karainagar - Sivan Kovil (Eelaththu Sithamparam), Kayts, Karainagar.
  • Karainagar - Srisithambareswara Sivakamyambal Devas, Kayts, Karainagar Center.
  • Karanavai East - Kaddy Sivan Temple
  • Karaveddy - Valambikai sametha vaitheeswara kovil, Karaveddy,
  • Kayts - Kanapatheeswaram Sivan Kovil, Kayts, Sivankovil, Kayts.
  • Kayts - Sivan Temple
  • Koddai - Ponnampalavaneswarar Temple
  • Kodikamam - Koilamanai Maruthady Sivan Kovil, Thenmaradchi, Koyilamanai, Kodikamam.
  • Kokuvil - Parameswaran Kovil (in Jaffna university)
  • Kondavil Center - Vallipuranathar Temple
  • Kondavil East - Sri Gnaneswarar Kovil, Nallur, Kondavil East.
  • Kondavil - Sri Puveneswarar Ambal Kovil, Nallur, Kondavil.
  • Kondavil - Athiparameswara Amman Temple, K.K.S.Road, Kondavil
  • Kopay south - Sivan temple, Jaffna.
  • Kovil Kudiyiruppu - Santanamutalichipuram Srinadarasamoorthy Temple
  • Mahiyapiddy - Sivan Temple, Mahiyapiddy Junction, Mahiyapiddy
  • Mandaitivu - Thillai Sivan Temple, 6th Ward, Mandaitivu West, Mandaitivu
  • Mathahal - Nunasai Sivan Temple, Nunasai Road, Mathahal
  • Mirusuwil - Paramasivan Kovil, Thenmaradchi, Ketpeli West, Mirusuwil.
  • Mudamavady Santhi - Siva temple, Jaffna.
  • Mullanai - Sivan temple (Near ilavalai), Jaffna.
  • Nainativu - Muththuchamiar Sivan Temple
  • Nallur- Sattanathar Koyil, Rajathani, near Nallur, Jaffna
  • Nallur - Kailasanathar Kailasapillaiyar Temple
  • Nallur - Srikamalambikaisametha Kailasasamy Kovil, Nallur.
  • Nallur Siva temple, Jaffna.
  • Neeraviyadi Sree Natesar Kovil, Jaffna
  • Nedunkulam - Sri ampalavanr kovil, Jaffna Town, Nedunkulam.
  • Neervely West - Masivan Meenadsiyamman Temple
  • Neervely - Perunthalai Sivan Temple, Siruppitty West, Neervely
  • Pannipulam - Jambunathar Sivan Kovil, Vali-West, Pannipulam.
  • Panippulam - Kalaiyady Sivan Temple
  • Paruthithurai - Point Pedro - Puloy - Pasupatheeswarar Alayam
  • Point Pedro - Sivan Temple, Poovatkarai, Puloli, Point Pedro
  • Puloly - Moochampilavu Sivan Temple, Vallipuram, Puloly
  • Puloli North - Puloli Pasupatheeswarar Temple
  • Puloly South - Sivan Kovil, Pointpedro, Muchampulavu, Puloly South.
  • Pungudutivu - Sivan Kovil, Islands South, 7th Ward, Pungudutivu.
  • Pungudutivu - Sivan Kovil, Islands South, 3rd Ward, Pungudutivu.
  • Punguduthivu - Perungadu - Kiranjiyampathi Minakshi Sundareshwarar Temple
  • Punguduthivu - Urathivu - Panavidai - Ramalingeshwarar
  • Punnalaikadduwan South - Sivan Kovil, Uduvil, Punnalaikadduwan South.
  • Puththur East - Karukambai Easwaran Temple
  • Puththur West - Alady Sivan Temple
  • Puththur West - Sivan Temple (Nadarasar Ramalingasamy Koyil)
  • Sandilipay, Madakal - Nunasai Vishalakshi Vishvanatheswarar Kovil, Sandilipay, Madakal.
  • Saravanai -Near Kadduvan kulam - Siva temple, Jaffna.
  • Sirupiddy - Perunthalai Sivan Kovil, Kopay, Sirupiddy.
  • Sithankeny Sivan Kovil (Theivendram), Jaffna.
  • Sithankerny - Sri Siva Sithamparaeswarar Kovil, Vali-West, Sithankerny.
  • Sudumalai North - Vishalakshi Vishvanathar Temple, Sivan Kovil, Sandilipay, Sudumalai North.
  • Thellipalai - Sivan Kovil, Thellipalai, Kovitpulam, Thellipalai.
  • Thellipalai - Keerimalai - Kasi Viswanathar Temple
  • Thellipalai - Keerimalai - Lingeswarar Temple (2?)
  • Thellipalai - kIrimalai - nakulEshvarar - in yAzppANam
  • Thellipalai - Main Street - Kasi Viswanathar Temple
  • Thellipalai - Anantha Nadarajah Kovil, Thellipalai, Mahajana College
  • Thirunelveli - Kannalingeswarar temple, Jaffna.
  • Thirunelveli - Neelathakshi samedha Sri Kayagaroneshwarar Temple
  • Thondamanaru - Koneswarar Kovil, Pointpedro, Thondamanaru.
  • Udumpirai East - Sivapootharatheswarar Temple
  • Urumpirai Chokkanathar Koyil
  • Udupiddy South - Sandirasekara Veerapathira Swamy Temple
  • Uduvil - Sri Meenadchi Somasundareswaraswamy Temple, Amman Kovil, Uduvil
  • Vadaliyadaippu - Kunthady Sivan Temple, Arasadi Road
  • Vadamaratchi - Maruthadi Thanthonreeswarar Kovil
  • Vaddu West - Kanagambikasametha Kannikesara Temple
  • Vaddu West - Mangalambika Sametha Mangaleswarar Temple
  • Vannarpannai Vaitheeswaram temple, Jaffna.
  • Vannarpannai North West - Sri Visvalinga Maha Kanapathy Temple
  • Vaddukoddai Sivan kovil (Visaladchi Visvesar, Verrapathirar), Jaffana.
  • valvadditturai - Kaladdy - Sivan temple
  • Valvedditturai - Puthur - Vishalkshi Vishwanathar temple
  • Valvedditturai - Aavarangal - Sivan kovil
  • Valvettithurai - Vallai South West - Vallai Vaitheeswaran Temple
  • Valvetty Centre - Mavady Vaitheeswara Temple
  • Vasavilan - Nadarasar Temple, Palaly South, Vasavilan
  • Velanai - Idippan Sivan Temple, 9th Ward, Saravanai East, Velanai
  • Velanai West - Nadarajapperumal Temple, 4th Ward, Velanai West
  • VVT - Valvai - Valambikai sametha vaitheeswara kovil, Pointpedro, Valvai South West, VVT.

Kilinochchi

  • Kanakambikai Kulam - Sivan temple, In front of Agriculture Faculty, Karachchi
  • Kilinochchi - Puthukkudiyiruppu - Sivan temple
  • Kilinochchi - Sivan temple - near Vayalur murugan temple
  • Krishnapuram - Sivan kovil, Karachchi, Krishnapuram.
  • Mayavanoor - Sivan kovil, Karachchi, Mayavanoor.
  • Pallai - Arasarkerny - Arasarkerny Sivan temple
  • Palai - Allippalai, Sivan temple
  • Uruthirapuram - Uruthirapureeswaram Sivan temple
  • Uthayanagar west - Sivan kovil, Karachchi, Uthayanagar west.

Mannar

  • kedhIshvarar, gauriyammai, gauri thIrththam - 32 km from thalaimannAr - Ancient temple destroyed by Portugeese in 17th cent ACE, but rebuilt in 1903.
  • Iranai Illuppaikkulam - Shiva Temple
  • Savatkaddu - Sivan Temple

Mullaithivu

  • Koddaikaddiyakulam - Sivan kovil, Thunukkai,
  • Manthuvil- Sivan kovil.
  • Puthukudiyiruppu - Sivan kovil.
  • Oddusuddan - Thantrontreeswarar kovil.
  • Thirumurukandy - Inthupuram - Sivan Temple

Vavuniya

  • Vavuniya - Kovilkulam Sivan Koyil
  • Vavuniya - Vasanthapuram - Thirunavat kulam
  • Vavuniya - Sasthirikulam Sivan Kovil
  • Thonickkal - Shiva Temple

Western Province Temples

Colombo

  • kozumbu (Colombo) - near harbour, ponnambalEshvarar, shivakAmasundhari
  • Colombo - Kanagarajah - modara sivan kovil
  • Colombo - Bandaranayake Mw - Sri Munneswarar Swami Temple
  • Colombo - Chettiyar street - pazaiya kadhir 
  • Colombo - Chettiyar street - puthiya kadhir 
  • Colombo - Chettiyar street - vinAyakar
  • Colombo - Kappikawatta - Sri Kailasanatha Swami Temple
  • Colombo - mEttuththeru - subramaNiya 
  • Colombo - Pambalapitti - ubaya kadhirkAmam.
  • Colombo - Sri Bodhiraja Mattta - Sri Munneswarar Temple
  • Colombo - veLLavaththai - ubaya kadhirkAmam.
  • bATura - near Mount lavina - kadhirkAma VElan
  • Ratmalanai - Siva Temple, Chola period
  • Ratmalana - Gonakovil Sri Sivalingaperuman and Sri Kathirgma Temple

Gampaha

  • Sri Somasundareswar Swamy Kovil, 255, Duttugamunu Mawatha, Paliyagoda.

North Western Province Temples

Puttalam

  • Chilapam - munnIshwaram - 11 km from mAdhambai.
  • Rajakathaluwai - Maanavari - Sivan Temple.

Central Province Temples

  • Kaddapula - Quinsperi Lower Division - Sri Navanathar Siththar Sivan Temple
  • Maskeliya - Franswick Thoddam - Kethara Gowreeswarar Temple
  • Nuwaraeliya - Sri Lankatheeswarar Temple, 82, Lady Mechalams Drive.
  • Nuwara Eliya District- Maha Nuwara - Hatton - Kuliwata - Siva temple

North Central Province Temples

Polannaruwa

  • polannaruva (pulasthipuram, kali Ngapuram, - in the mid of shrIlanka.
  • Sivan Temple, No.1, Polannaruwa, Built by Rajaraja Chola
  • Sivan Temple, No.2, Polannaruwa.
  • Sivan Temple, No.3, Polannaruwa.

Eastern Province Temples

Amparai

  • Akkaraipattu - Pasupatheswarar Temple, Panankadu, Akkaraipattu
  • Amparai - Kalmunai - Sivapuram
  • Amparai - Thambiluvil sivan kovil
  • Amparai - Kalmunai - palugamam sivankovil
  • Amparai - Kalmunai - Sri Naguleswarar Temple, Natpiddymunai, Kalmunai
  • Amparai - Kalmunai - Sri Santhaneswarar Temple
  • Annamalai - Sri lingeswarar Kovil, 15th village
  • Karaitivu - Sivan Temple, Vedduvaikkal, Karaitivu
  • Ninthavur - Meenaktchiyamman temple, Senkatpaddai, Ninthavur
  • Savalakkadai - Nageswarar Temple, 7/93, Kamdickalai, Savalakkadai
  • Sivan kovil, Thirukkovil, Vinayagapuram.
  • Natpiddimuani - Sivan Kovil, Kalmunai - Tamil, Kovil veethy, Natpiddimuani.
  • Natpiddimuani - Sri ampalathady kovil, Kiddanky veethy
  • Sri lingeswarar Kovil, Navithanveli, 15th village ,Annamalai 2.
  • Thambiluvil - Thalaiyadi Sivan Temple

Mattakalappu (Batticaloa)

  • Cheddypalayam - Sivan Temple
  • Chiththandy - Kitulvewa - Sivan Temple
  • Dandamalai - muttulingaswami temple
  • Dantamalai - murugan temple
  • Eruvil East - Sivapuram Sivan Temple
  • Kaluthawalai - Easwarar Temple
  • Kokkatticholai - Thanthonriswarar
  • Madhakalpuwa - Eravur - Pethalai, Valaichenai - Sivan temple
  • Madhakalpuwa - Katankudi - Kokkadichcholai Sivan Kovil
  • Madhakalpuwa - Katankudi - Sivan temple
  • Madhakalpuwa - Katankudi - Cheddipalayam
  • Manmunai - Sri Thackayageswarar Temple
  • MattakkaLappu - mamangeshvarar
  • Mattakalappu (Batticaloa) - Sri Thakkaiyageswara Kovil, Vaivy Road, Batticaloa.
  • Batticaloa - Navatkudah - Sivan Temple
  • Batticaloa - Vaily Rd. - Sri Thackayageswarar Temple
  • Navatkudha - Sivan Kovil, Navatkudha.
  • Selvanagar East - Sivaneswarar Temple
  • Thiruppalukamam - Vivekananthapuram - Sivan Temple
  • Unnichchai - Pavatkodichchenai - Siva Temple
  • Valaichenai - Alakandy pillai sivan Temple
  • Valaichenai - Tharivan road - Sri kaneshvarar kovil

Trincomalee

  • ThirukkONamalai (triconamale, trincomalee) - kONEshar, mAdhumaiyAL, gauri thIrththam, the old temple has been destroyed by Portuguese and the lingam has been kept and worshipped in another place
  • Muthur - Barathipuram - Sivan kovil, Kiliveddy, Barathipuram.
  • Kanguvely - Athisivankovil, Muthur, Kanguvely.
  • Kanthalai - Peraru - Kanthalai Sivan Temple
  • Kiliveddy - Lingapuram - Sivan Tempe
  • Kinniya - Gangai - Sivan Temple
  • Kuchchaveli - Sembimalai - Senpeeswarar Temple
  • Mallikaithivu - Sivan kovil, Muthur, Mallikaithivu.
  • Thampalakamam - Ati Konanayakar - 24 km from thirukonamalai
  • Trincomalee - Sivayouga Puram - Nadesar Temple
  • Trincomalee - Sri Visvanthaswamy Temple - Ward No.7, Thirugnanasampanthar Road
  • Trincomalee - Vellaivilpathira Koneswara Temple - Power House Road.

Sabaragamuwa Province temples

Ratnapura

  • Rakuwana - Gangoda - Sri Kanageswara Temple
  • SivanoLi pAdham (Adam's peak) - Lord shiva Feet temple, 40 km from Ratnapura
  • Srimath Thiripurasundari Ambiga Sameda Ratnasabesar, Waraka Estate Road, Ratnapura.

Southern Province Temples

Galle

  • Galinagar Sivan Temple, Sri Meenadchi Antheswarar Temple, 6, Poonthodda Road, Galle
  • Tenavaram (Dondra Head) - near Galle, southern province
  • Devinuwara - Tondeshwaram

Uva Province Temples

  • Kathirkamam - Siva temple on the top of the hill
  • Viyaluwa - Hindu Temple, Ledchawattai Thoddam,Viyaluwa, Badulla
  • kathirkAmam - 320 km from Colombo - Sivankovil (Muththlinga swamy) Temple - temple on the bank of mANikka gangai.