National Reserves

Sri Lanka National Parks: 13 % of Sri Lanka's landmass is protected as national parks.

* Bundala National Park (between Hambantota and Kataragama)
* Gal Oya National Park (north of Yala)
* Horton Plains National Park (in the southwestern mountains)
* Lahugala National Park (west of Pottuvil)
* Uda Walawe National Park (near Hambantota)
* Udawattakele Wildlife Sanctuary (northeast of Kandy)
* Peak Wilderness Man and Biosphere Reserve (at Adam's Peak)
* Lion King (Sinharaja) Tropical Rain Forest (between Ratnapura and Matara) (World Heritage Site)
* Wilpattu National Park (northeast area of Sri Lanka)
* Wirawila Bird Sanctuary (near Tissamaharama)
* Ruhuna Yala National Park (near Tissamaharama)
* Kumana Bird Sanctuary (part of Yala) once acclaimed by Readers Digest as the best nesting and breeding environment in the world

* Minneriya National Park (near Polonnaruwa)
* Kaudulla National Park (near Polonnaruwa)
* Wasgomuwa National Park (near Polonnaruwa)

Strict natural reserves
These are exclusively reserved for wildlife. Entry permits are issued only to those engaged in official or scientific work. Even in such instances, permits can be obtained only from the Director of Wildlife Conservation himself. Ritigala Strict Nature Reserve, Strict Natural Reserve of Yala East (Kumana), Hakagala Strict Natural Reserve
National parks

Ruhunu (Yala) national park, Udawalwe national park, Wilpattu national park, Wasgomuwa national park, Flood Plains national park, Minneriya national park, Maduru Oya national park, Gal Oya national park, Horton Plains national park, Bundala national park, Somawatiya Chaitiya national park, Yala East national park, Lahugala Kithulana national park, Lunugamvehera national park, Kaudulla national park & Horagolla national park.

Nature reserves
Nature reserves are primarily for wildlife. Human activity in these reserves is restricted. Lion King (Sinharaja) Tropical Rain Forest is one of the many nature reserves of the island.

Sanctuaries
Some of the 50 sanctuaries are located in private lands. Though wildlife is well protected, limited human activity within the sanctuaries are allowed in so as wildlife is respected. Bellanwila Attidiya Sanctuary, Udawattekele Bird Sanctuary in Kandy, Muturajawela Marshes (Colombo Wetlands).
Sri Lanka's Deer

Sri Lanka Spotted Deer (Axis axis ceylonensis) called Tik-muwa in Sinhalese
Barking Deer (Munctiacus muntjak malabaricus) called Olua-muwa or Welli-muwas
Sambhur (Cervus unicolor unicolor) called Gona
Mouse Deer (Tragulus meminna) called Meminna, Capita-meeminna or Wal-miya
Sri Lanka's Monkeys
Grey Langur (Presbytis entellus thersites) called Vandhura, Konda-vandhura or Elli-vandhura in Sinhalese
Purple-faced Leaf Monkey (Tachypithecus vectulus) called Kalu-vandhura
Toque Monkey (Macaca sinica sinica) called Rilawa
Sri Lanka's Reptiles
Sri Lanka Swamp Crocodile (Crocodylus palustris kimbula) called Hale-kimbula or Ala kimbula in Sinhalese
Sri Lanka Estuarine Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus meniyanna) called Pita-gatteya or Gatte-kimbula
The Indian Land Monitor (Varanus bengalensis bengalensis) called Talagoya
The Water Monitor (Varanus monitor kabaragoya) called Kabaragoya
Sri Lanka's large mammals
Indian Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis bubalis) called Wal mee-haraka, Wal-harak or Wal-meewah in Sinhalese
Sri Lanka Leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) called Kotiya or Diviya
Sri Lanka Sloth Bear (Melarsus ursinus inoratus) called Walaha
Indian Wild Boar (Sus scrofa cristatus) called Wal-ura
Sri Lanka's cats, otters, mongoose, squirrels etc.
Indian Fishing cats (Felis viverrinas) called Handun-diviya in Sinhalese
Sri Lanka Jungle Cat (Felis chaus kelaarti)) called Walballa
Sri Lanka Rusty-spotted Cat (Felis rubiginosa phillipsi) called Kola-diviya
Southern Indian Otter (Lura lutra nair) called Diy-balla in Sinhalese
The Common Sri Lanka Grey Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii lanka) called Mugatiya
Sri Lanka Ruddy Mongoose (Herpestes smithii zeylanicus) called Hotamba
Stripped-necked Mongoose (Herpestes vitticollis) called Gul-mugatiya
Brown Mongoose (Herpestes fuscus) called Mugatiya or Ram-mugatiya
Sri Lanka Small Civet-Cat (Viverricula indica mayori ) called Urulaeva
Golden Palm-Cat (Paradoxurus zeylonensis) called Kalawedda
Common Indian Palm-Cat (Paradoxurus hermaphrodites hermaphroditus) called Ugguduwa
Sri Lanka Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura) called Dandulena
Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) called Unahapuluva
Indian Pangolin (Mania crassicaudata) called Kaba-laya
Indian Crested Porcupine (Hystrix indica) called Ittawa
Common Flying fox (Pteropus giganteus giganteus) called Maha-wawula
Sri Lanka Black-Naped Hare (Lepus nigricollis singhala) called Hawa
Star Tortoise (Testude elegans) called Mayvara ibba, Hooniam ibba, Vairam ibba, Tharuka ibba, Mukalan ibba, Makaral ibba or Vatekeya ibba in Sinhalese
Hard Terrapin or Terrapin (Melanochelys trjuga) called Nariya, Hiwala
Soft Terrapin (Lissemys punctata ceylonensis) called Kiri ibba
Sri Lanka Jackal (Canis aureus lanka) called Nariya, Hiwala
Birds
Peacocks, painted stork, many varieties of heron, spoonbill, bee-eater, parrots & parakeets, hornbill, kingfisher, woodpecker and many more.

Best national parks

1. Yala National Park

2. The Gathering, Minneriya National Park

3. Birdwatching in Bundala National Park

4. Uda Walawe National Park

5. Sinharaja Forrest Reserve